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Background

Since late 2010, the intensity of the conflict in Kashmir has decreased after more than two decades of fluctuating armed violence. However, it has left its mark, leaving behind orphans, widows, community migration, loss of livelihood and poverty. It has had a debilitating impact on the socio-economic fabric, leaving an expansive "lost generation" of youth with fewer economic prospects & opportunities, increasing rates of suicide and a general sense of hopelessness and despair. The capacity of the local state government to provide vital services, especially to the weaker and marginalized sections of the society, is extremely low. There are very few credible local civil society organizations capable of making a large scale social impact and a dearth of any sustained presence of international development NGOs who can partner and build capacities.

The metrics below give a perspective on the gravity of the current problem.

Population of Kashmir Region (Census 2011) 6 million (State of Jammu & Kashmir - 12 million)
Below Poverty Line in Kashmir Region (Economic Survey 2013) 21% - 1.2 million
Vulnerable Children & Marginalized Youth 840,000
Orphans in the State of Jammu & Kashmir (Save the Children - INDIA) 214,000
Orphans in Kashmir Region because of Conflict (Save the Children - INDIA) 79,000 (Drop outs - ages 15-18 years - 98%, below age 15 years - 50%)
School Dropouts in Orphans (Save the Children - INDIA) 15-18 years - 98%
Below 15 years - 50%
Youth Bulge (ages 18-35 years) in Kashmir Region (Mercy Corp India) 2.1 million (around 35%)
Unemployed or Underemployed Youth (Mercy Corp India) 1 million (50% of youth population - 600,000 of them educated unemployed)
 

With this backdrop, CHINAR launched a grassroots delivery organization in Kashmir in 2011 to address the issues of orphans, vulnerable children and marginalized youth. CHINAR's programs are developed after thorough due diligence and impact analysis, and are structured to scale and sustain to maximize impact. CHINAR is also focused on organizational capacity building, innovation, collaborations and partnerships.

Overall, our team has developed; our programs have evolved; our processes of beneficiary selection, monitoring and oversight have been refined; and our footprint has increased. We believe that CHINAR is strategically well placed to scale up operations/interventions and take on the role of a credible and capable developmental organization that can partner with civil society organizations, governmental and non-governmental organizations and have a large scale social impact in the lives of orphans, vulnerable children & marginalized youth.